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[Message Precedent sur la mailing][Message Suivant sur la mailing][Precedent dans le fil][Prochain dans le fil][Index par Date][Index par fil] [Full-disclosure] Cisco Security Advisory: Multiple Vulnerabilities in Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
Hash: SHA256

Cisco Security Advisory: Multiple Vulnerabilities in Cisco ASA 5500
Series Adaptive Security Appliances

Advisory ID: cisco-sa-20110223-asa

Revision 1.0

For Public Release 2011 February 23 1600 UTC (GMT)

+---------------------------------------------------------------------

Summary
=======

Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances are affected by the
following vulnerabilities:

  * Transparent Firewall Packet Buffer Exhaustion Vulnerability
  * Skinny Client Control Protocol (SCCP) Inspection Denial of
    Service Vulnerability
  * Routing Information Protocol (RIP) Denial of Service
    Vulnerability
  * Unauthorized File System Access Vulnerability

These vulnerabilities are independent; a release that is affected by
one vulnerability is not necessarily affected by the others.

Cisco has released free software updates that address these vulnerabilities.

This advisory is posted at link://[click].

Note: The Cisco Firewall Services Module (FWSM) is affected by one of these vulnerabilities. A separate Cisco Security Advisory has been published to disclose the vulnerability that affects the Cisco FWSM. That advisory is available at link://[click].

Affected Products ================= Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances are affected by multiple vulnerabilities. Affected versions of Cisco ASA Software vary depending on the specific vulnerability.

Vulnerable Products +------------------ For specific version information, refer to the Software Versions and Fixes section of this advisory.

Transparent Firewall Packet Buffer Exhaustion Vulnerability +---------------------------------------------------------- A packet buffer exhaustion vulnerability affects multiple versions of Cisco ASA Software when a security appliance is configured to operate in the transparent firewall mode. Transparent firewall mode is enabled on the appliance if the command "firewall transparent" is present in the configuration. The default firewall mode is routed, not transparent.

The "show firewall" command can also be used to determine the firewall operation mode: ciscoasa# show firewall Firewall mode: Transparent SCCP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerability +---------------------------------------------- A denial of service vulnerability affects the SCCP inspection feature of Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances.

Administrators can determine if SCCP inspection is enabled by issuing the "show service-policy | include skinny" command and confirming that output, such as what is displayed in the following example, is returned.

ciscoasa# show service-policy | include skinny Inspect: skinny, packet 0, drop 0, reset-drop 0 Alternatively, a device that has SCCP inspection enabled has a configuration similar to the following: class-map inspection_default match default-inspection-traffic ! policy-map global_policy class inspection_default ...

inspect skinny ...

! service-policy global_policy global Note: The service policy could also be applied to a specific interface instead of globally, which is displayed in the previous example.

SCCP inspection is enabled by default.

RIP Denial of Service Vulnerability +---------------------------------- A denial of service vulnerability affects the RIP implementation in Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances when both RIP and the Cisco Phone Proxy feature are enabled on the same device. The following example displays an affected configuration (Cisco ASA Software version 8.0 and 8.1): router rip ...

! phone-proxy <instance name> media-termination address <IP address> ...

<Rest of phone proxy feature configuration> Or (Cisco ASA Software version 8.2 and later): router rip ...

! media-termination <instance name> address <IP address> ! <Rest of phone proxy feature configuration> A security appliance is vulnerable if it is processing RIP messages ("router rip") and if a global media termination address is configured for the Cisco Phone Proxy feature (refer to previous example). Note that Cisco ASA Software versions 8.0 and 8.1 only allow a global media termination address. However, in Cisco ASA Software version 8.2 and later, it is possible to tie a media termination address to an interface. This configuration, which is accomplished by issuing the command "address <IP address> interface <interface name>" in media termination configuration mode, is not affected.

Neither RIP nor the Cisco Phone Proxy feature is enabled by default.

Unauthorized File System Access Vulnerability +-------------------------------------------- An unauthorized file system access vulnerability affects Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances when a security appliance is configured as a local Certificate Authority (CA). An affected configuration consists of the following minimum commands: crypto ca trustpoint <trustpoint name> keypair <keypair name> crl configure crypto ca server crypto ca certificate chain <trustpoint name> certificate ca 01 ...

! http server enable The local CA server is not enabled by default.

Cisco PIX 500 Series Security Appliance Vulnerability Status +----------------------------------------------------------- Cisco PIX 500 Series Security Appliances are affected by the Transparent Firewall Packet Buffer Exhaustion Vulnerability and the SCCP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerability.

Because Cisco PIX 500 Series Security Appliances reached the end of software maintenance releases milestone on July 28, 2009, no further software releases will be available. Cisco PIX 500 Series Security Appliance customers are encouraged to migrate to Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances or to implement any applicable workarounds that are listed in the Workarounds section of this advisory. Fixed software is available for Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances only.

For more information, refer to the End of Life announcement at link://[click].

How to Determine Software Versions +--------------------------------- To determine whether a vulnerable version of Cisco ASA Software is running on an appliance, administrators can issue the "show version" command. The following example shows a Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliance that is running software version 8.3(1): ASA#show version | include Version Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance Software Version 8.3(1) Device Manager Version 6.3(1) Customers who use Cisco Adaptive Security Device Manager (ASDM) to manage devices can locate the software version in the table that is displayed in the login window or upper-left corner of the Cisco ASDM window.

Products Confirmed Not Vulnerable +-------------------------------- With the exception of Cisco PIX 500 Series Security Appliances and the Cisco Firewall Services Module, no other Cisco products are currently known to be affected by these vulnerabilities.

Details ======= The Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliance is a modular platform that provides security and VPN services. It offers firewall, intrusion prevention system (IPS), anti-X, and virtual private network (VPN) services.

Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances are affected by the following vulnerabilities: Transparent Firewall Packet Buffer Exhaustion Vulnerability +---------------------------------------------------------- A Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliance that is configured for transparent firewall mode is affected by a packet buffer exhaustion vulnerability that could cause an appliance to stop forwarding traffic once all packet buffers are depleted. The number of available packet buffers may decrease when a security appliance receives IPv6 traffic and is not configured for IPv6 operation. IPv6 transit traffic does not cause a problem.

Administrators can check packet buffer utilization by issuing the command "show blocks" and inspecting the output for the number of available 1,550-byte blocks. If the number of blocks is zero (indicated by 0 in the CNT column), then the security appliance may be experiencing this issue. For example: ciscoasa# show blocks SIZE MAX LOW CNT 0 400 360 400 4 200 199 199 80 400 358 400 256 1412 1381 1412 1550 6274 0 0 ...

This vulnerability is documented in Cisco bug ID CSCtj04707 and has been assigned Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) ID CVE-2011-0393.

SCCP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerability +---------------------------------------------- Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances are affected by a vulnerability that could cause the appliance to reload when it processes a malformed SCCP message. Appliances are only vulnerable if SCCP inspection is enabled.

Only transit traffic can trigger this vulnerability; traffic that is destined to the appliance will not trigger the vulnerability.

This vulnerability is documented in Cisco bug ID CSCtg69457 and has been assigned Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) ID CVE-2011-0394.

RIP Denial of Service Vulnerability +---------------------------------- Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances are affected by a vulnerability that could cause the appliance to reload when it processes valid RIP updates. Appliances are vulnerable only if both RIP and the Cisco Phone Proxy feature are enabled.

Note: the affected configuration requires that a global media termination address is configured, which is the only possible configuration option in Cisco ASA Software versions 8.0 and 8.1.

However, it is possible to tie a media termination address to an interface in Cisco ASA Software version 8.2 and later. This configuration is not vulnerable.

This vulnerability is documented in Cisco bug ID CSCtg66583 and has been assigned Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) ID CVE-2011-0395.

Unauthorized File System Access Vulnerability +-------------------------------------------- Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances are affected by a vulnerability that could allow unauthorized users to access a file system (flash:, disk0:, disk1:, etc. but not system:) when the security appliance is configured as a local CA server. No authentication is required. File systems could contain sensitive information, such as backup device configurations (which may contain passwords or shared secrets), Cisco ASA Software images, or digital certificates.

This vulnerability is documented in Cisco bug ID CSCtk12352 and has been assigned Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) ID CVE-2011-0396.

Vulnerability Scoring Details ============================= Cisco has provided scores for the vulnerabilities in this advisory based on the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS). The CVSS scoring in this Security Advisory is done in accordance with CVSS version 2.0.

CVSS is a standards-based scoring method that conveys vulnerability severity and helps determine urgency and priority of response.

Cisco has provided a base and temporal score. Customers can then compute environmental scores to assist in determining the impact of the vulnerability in individual networks.

Cisco has provided an FAQ to answer additional questions regarding CVSS at: link://[click] Cisco has also provided a CVSS calculator to help compute the environmental impact for individual networks at: link://[click] * CSCtj04707 ("Possible packet buffer exhaustion when operating in transparent mode ") CVSS Base Score - 7.8 Access Vector - Network Access Complexity - Low Authentication - None Confidentiality Impact - None Integrity Impact - None Availability Impact - Complete CVSS Temporal Score - 6.4 Exploitability - Functional Remediation Level - Official-Fix Report Confidence - Confirmed * CSCtg69457 ("SCCP inspection DoS vulnerability") CVSS Base Score - 7.8 Access Vector - Network Access Complexity - Low Authentication - None Confidentiality Impact - None Integrity Impact - None Availability Impact - Complete CVSS Temporal Score - 6.4 Exploitability - Functional Remediation Level - Official-Fix Report Confidence - Confirmed * CSCtg66583 ("RIP denial of service vulnerability") CVSS Base Score - 7.8 Access Vector - Network Access Complexity - Low Authentication - None Confidentiality Impact - None Integrity Impact - None Availability Impact - Complete CVSS Temporal Score - 6.4 Exploitability - Functional Remediation Level - Official-Fix Report Confidence - Confirmed * CSCtk12352 ("Possible to browse flash memory when CA is enabled") CVSS Base Score - 7.8 Access Vector - Network Access Complexity - Low Authentication - None Confidentiality Impact - Complete Integrity Impact - None Availability Impact - None CVSS Temporal Score - 6.4 Exploitability - Functional Remediation Level - Official-Fix Report Confidence - Confirmed Impact ====== Transparent Firewall Packet Buffer Exhaustion Vulnerability +---------------------------------------------------------- Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could cause a decrease in the number of available packet buffers. Repeated exploitation could eventually deplete all available packet buffers, which may cause an appliance to stop forwarding traffic.

SCCP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerability +---------------------------------------------- Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could cause a reload of the affected device. Repeated exploitation may result in a sustained denial of service condition.

RIP Denial of Service Vulnerability +---------------------------------- Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could cause a reload of the affected device. Repeated exploitation may result in a sustained denial of service condition.

Unauthorized File System Access Vulnerability +-------------------------------------------- Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow unauthorized, unauthenticated users to retrieve files that are stored in an affected appliance's file system, which may contain sensitive information.

Software Versions and Fixes =========================== When considering software upgrades, also consult link://[click] and any subsequent advisories to determine exposure and a complete upgrade solution.

In all cases, customers should exercise caution to be certain the devices to be upgraded contain sufficient memory and that current hardware and software configurations will continue to be supported properly by the new release. If the information is not clear, contact the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) or your contracted maintenance provider for assistance.

+---------------------------------------+ | Vulnerability | Major | First Fixed | | | Release | Release | |---------------+---------+-------------| | | | 7.0(8.12); | | | | available | | | 7.0 | late | | | | February | | | | 2011 | | |---------+-------------| | | | Vulnerable; | | | 7.1 | migrate to | | | | 7.2(5.2) | |Transparent |---------+-------------| | Firewall | 7.2 | 7.2(5.2) | |Packet Buffer |---------+-------------| | Exhaustion | 8.0 | 8.0(5.21) | |Vulnerability |---------+-------------| | (CSCtj04707) | | 8.1(2.49); | | | 8.1 | available | | | | early March | | | | 2011 | | |---------+-------------| | | 8.2 | 8.2(3.6) | | |---------+-------------| | | 8.3 | 8.3(2.7) | | |---------+-------------| | | 8.4 | Not | | | | vulnerable | |---------------+---------+-------------| | | 7.0 | 7.0(8.11) | | |---------+-------------| | | | Vulnerable; | | | 7.1 | migrate to | | | | 7.2(5.1) | | |---------+-------------| | SCCP | 7.2 | 7.2(5.1) | |Inspection |---------+-------------| | Denial of | 8.0 | 8.0(5.19) | |Service |---------+-------------| | Vulnerability | 8.1 | 8.1(2.47) | |(CSCtg69457) |---------+-------------| | | 8.2 | 8.2(2.19) | | |---------+-------------| | | 8.3 | 8.3(1.8) | | |---------+-------------| | | 8.4 | Not | | | | vulnerable | |---------------+---------+-------------| | | 7.0 | Not | | | | vulnerable | | |---------+-------------| | | 7.1 | Not | | | | vulnerable | | |---------+-------------| | | 7.2 | Not | | RIP Denial of | | vulnerable | |Service |---------+-------------| | Vulnerability | 8.0 | 8.0(5.20) | |(CSCtg66583) |---------+-------------| | | 8.1 | 8.1(2.48) | | |---------+-------------| | | 8.2 | 8.2(3) | | |---------+-------------| | | 8.3 | 8.3(2.1) | | |---------+-------------| | | 8.4 | Not | | | | vulnerable | |---------------+---------+-------------| | | 7.0 | Not | | | | vulnerable | | |---------+-------------| | | 7.1 | Not | | | | vulnerable | | |---------+-------------| | | 7.2 | Not | | | | vulnerable | |Unauthorized |---------+-------------| | File System | 8.0 | 8.0(5.23) | |Access |---------+-------------| | Vulnerability | | 8.1(2.49); | | (CSCtk12352) | 8.1 | available | | | | early March | | | | 2011 | | |---------+-------------| | | 8.2 | 8.2(4.1) | | |---------+-------------| | | 8.3 | 8.3(2.13) | | |---------+-------------| | | 8.4 | Not | | | | vulnerable | +---------------------------------------+ Recommended Releases +------------------- The following table lists all recommended releases. These recommended releases contain the fixes for all vulnerabilities in this advisory.

Cisco recommends upgrading to a release that is equal to or later than these recommended releases.

+------------------------------------------------------------+ | Major Release | Recommended Release | |----------------+-------------------------------------------| | 7.0 | 7.0(8.12); available late February 2011 | |----------------+-------------------------------------------| | 7.1 | Migrate to 7.2(5.2) | |----------------+-------------------------------------------| | 7.2 | 7.2(5.2) | |----------------+-------------------------------------------| | 8.0 | 8.0(5.23) | |----------------+-------------------------------------------| | 8.1 | 8.1(2.49); available early March 2011 | |----------------+-------------------------------------------| | 8.2 | 8.2(4.1) | |----------------+-------------------------------------------| | 8.3 | 8.3(2.13) | |----------------+-------------------------------------------| | 8.4 | 8.4(1) | +------------------------------------------------------------+ Software Download +---------------- Cisco ASA Software can be downloaded from the Software Center on Cisco.com by visiting link://[click] and navigating to Products > Security > Firewall > Firewall Appliances > Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances > <your Cisco ASA model> > Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software.

Workarounds =========== This Cisco Security Advisory describes multiple distinct vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities and their respective workarounds are independent of each other.

Transparent Firewall Packet Buffer Exhaustion Vulnerability +---------------------------------------------------------- There are no workarounds for this vulnerability.

SCCP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerability +---------------------------------------------- Administrators can mitigate this vulnerability by disabling SCCP inspection if it is not required. Administrators can disable SCCP inspection by issuing the "no inspect skinny" command in class configuration submode in the policy map configuration.

RIP Denial of Service Vulnerability +---------------------------------- There are no workarounds for Cisco ASA Software version 8.0 and 8.1.

On Cisco ASA Software version 8.2 and later, administrators can configure a non-global media termination address by specifying a termination address that will be tied to a specific interface. For example: router rip ...

! media-termination <instance name> address <IP address> interface <interface name> ! <Rest of phone proxy feature configuration> Unauthorized File System Access Vulnerability +-------------------------------------------- There are no workarounds for this vulnerability.

Obtaining Fixed Software ======================== Cisco has released free software updates that address these vulnerabilities. Prior to deploying software, customers should consult their maintenance provider or check the software for feature set compatibility and known issues specific to their environment.

Customers may only install and expect support for the feature sets they have purchased. By installing, downloading, accessing or otherwise using such software upgrades, customers agree to be bound by the terms of Cisco's software license terms found at link://[click], or as otherwise set forth at Cisco.com Downloads at link://[click].

Do not contact psirt@xxxxxxxxx or security-alert@xxxxxxxxx for software upgrades.

Customers with Service Contracts +------------------------------- Customers with contracts should obtain upgraded software through their regular update channels. For most customers, this means that upgrades should be obtained through the Software Center on Cisco's worldwide website at link://[click].

Customers using Third Party Support Organizations +------------------------------------------------ Customers whose Cisco products are provided or maintained through prior or existing agreements with third-party support organizations, such as Cisco Partners, authorized resellers, or service providers should contact that support organization for guidance and assistance with the appropriate course of action in regards to this advisory.

The effectiveness of any workaround or fix is dependent on specific customer situations, such as product mix, network topology, traffic behavior, and organizational mission. Due to the variety of affected products and releases, customers should consult with their service provider or support organization to ensure any applied workaround or fix is the most appropriate for use in the intended network before it is deployed.

Customers without Service Contracts +---------------------------------- Customers who purchase direct from Cisco but do not hold a Cisco service contract, and customers who purchase through third-party vendors but are unsuccessful in obtaining fixed software through their point of sale should acquire upgrades by contacting the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC). TAC contacts are as follows.

* +1 800 553 2447 (toll free from within North America) * +1 408 526 7209 (toll call from anywhere in the world) * e-mail: tac@xxxxxxxxx Customers should have their product serial number available and be prepared to give the URL of this notice as evidence of entitlement to a free upgrade. Free upgrades for non-contract customers must be requested through the TAC.

Refer to link://[click] for additional TAC contact information, including localized telephone numbers, and instructions and e-mail addresses for use in various languages.

Exploitation and Public Announcements ===================================== The Cisco PSIRT is not aware of any public announcements or malicious use of the vulnerabilities described in this advisory.

The Transparent Firewall Packet Buffer Exhaustion Vulnerability, SCCP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerability, and RIP Denial of Service Vulnerability were found during internal testing.

The Unauthorized File System Access Vulnerability was discovered during the resolution of customer support cases.

Status of this Notice: FINAL ============================ THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS AND DOES NOT IMPLY ANY KIND OF GUARANTEE OR WARRANTY, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE. YOUR USE OF THE INFORMATION ON THE DOCUMENT OR MATERIALS LINKED FROM THE DOCUMENT IS AT YOUR OWN RISK. CISCO RESERVES THE RIGHT TO CHANGE OR UPDATE THIS DOCUMENT AT ANY TIME.

A stand-alone copy or Paraphrase of the text of this document that omits the distribution URL in the following section is an uncontrolled copy, and may lack important information or contain factual errors.

Distribution ============ This advisory is posted on Cisco's worldwide website at: link://[click] In addition to worldwide web posting, a text version of this notice is clear-signed with the Cisco PSIRT PGP key and is posted to the following e-mail and Usenet news recipients.

* cust-security-announce@xxxxxxxxx * first-bulletins@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx * bugtraq@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx * vulnwatch@xxxxxxxxxxxxx * cisco@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx * cisco-nsp@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx * full-disclosure@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx * comp.dcom.sys.cisco@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Future updates of this advisory, if any, will be placed on Cisco's worldwide website, but may or may not be actively announced on mailing lists or newsgroups. Users concerned about this problem are encouraged to check the above URL for any updates.

Revision History ================ +------------------------------------------------------------+ | Revision 1.0 | 2011-February-23 | Initial public release. | +------------------------------------------------------------+ Cisco Security Procedures ========================= Complete information on reporting security vulnerabilities in Cisco products, obtaining assistance with security incidents, and registering to receive security information from Cisco, is available on Cisco's worldwide website at link://[click].

This includes instructions for press inquiries regarding Cisco security notices. All Cisco security advisories are available at link://[click].

+-------------------------------------------------------------------- Copyright 2010-2011 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

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