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Revue de presse francophone :
- Appaloosa AppDome nouent un partenariat pour accompagner les entreprises dans le déploiement et la protection des applications mobiles
- D-Link offre une avec un routeur VPN sans fil AC
- 19 mai Paris Petit-Déjeuner Coreye Développer son business à l'abri des cyberattaques
- POYNTING PRESENTE LA NOUVELLE ANTENNE OMNI-291, SPECIALE MILIEU MARITIME, CÔTIER ET MILIEU HUMIDE
- Flexera Software Les utilisateurs français de PC progressent dans l'application de correctifs logiciels, mais des défis de tailles subsistent
- Riverbed lance SD-WAN basé sur le cloud
- Fujitsu multi-récompensé VMware lui décerne plusieurs Partner Innovation Awards à l'occasion du Partner Leadership Summit
- Zscaler Private Access sécuriser l'accès à distance en supprimant les risques inhérents aux réseaux privés virtuels
- QNAP annonce la sortie de QTS 4.2.1
- Une enquête réalisée par la société de cyber sécurité F-Secure a décelé des milliers de vulnérabilités graves, potentiellement utilisables par des cyber criminels pour infiltrer l'infrastru
- Trouver le juste équilibre entre une infrastructure dédiée et cloud le dilemme de la distribution numérique
- 3 juin - Fleurance - Cybersécurité Territoires
- Cyber-assurances Seules 40 pourcents des entreprises françaises sont couvertes contre les violations de sécurité et les pertes de données
- Des étudiants de l'ESIEA inventent CheckMyHTTPS un logiciel qui vérifie que vos connexions WEB sécurisées ne sont pas interceptées
- Les produits OmniSwitch d'Alcatel-Lucent Enterprise ALE gagnent en sécurité pour lutter contre les cyber-attaques modernes

Dernier articles de SecuObs :
- DIP, solution de partage d'informations automatisée
- Sqreen, protection applicative intelligente de nouvelle génération
- Renaud Bidou (Deny All): "L'innovation dans le domaine des WAFs s'oriente vers plus de bon sens et d'intelligence, plus de flexibilité et plus d'ergonomie"
- Mises à jour en perspective pour le système Vigik
- Les russes ont-ils pwn le système AEGIS ?
- Le ministère de l'intérieur censure une conférence au Canada
- Saut d'air gap, audit de firmware et (in)sécurité mobile au programme de Cansecwest 2014
- GCHQ: Le JTRIG torpille Anonymous qui torpille le JTRIG (ou pas)
- #FIC2014: Entrée en territoire inconnu
- Le Sénat investit dans les monnaies virtuelles

Revue de presse internationale :
- VEHICLE CYBERSECURITY DOT and Industry Have Efforts Under Way, but DOT Needs to Define Its Role in Responding to a Real-world Attack
- Demand letter served on poll body over disastrous Comeleak breach
- The Minimin Aims To Be The Simplest Theremin
- Hacking group PLATINUM used Windows own patching system against it
- Hacker With Victims in 100 Nations Gets 7 Years in Prison
- HPR2018 How to make Komboucha Tea
- Circuit Bender Artist bends Fresnel Lens for Art
- FBI Director Suggests iPhone Hacking Method May Remain Secret
- 2016 Hack Miami Conference May 13-15, 2016
- 8-bit Video Wall Made From 160 Gaming Keyboards
- In An Era Of Decline, News Sites Can t Afford Poor Web Performance
- BeautifulPeople.com experiences data breach 1m affected
- Swedish Air Space Infringed, Aircraft Not Required
- Why cybercriminals attack healthcare more than any other industry
- Setting the Benchmark in the Network Security Forensics Industry

Annuaire des videos
- FUZZING ON LINE PART THREE
- Official Maltego tutorial 5 Writing your own transforms
- Official Maltego tutorial 6 Integrating with SQL DBs
- Official Maltego tutorial 3 Importing CSVs spreadsheets
- install zeus botnet
- Eloy Magalhaes
- Official Maltego tutorial 1 Google s websites
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- RSA Todd Schomburg talks about Roundup Ready lines available in 2013
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Revue Twitter
- RT @fpalumbo: Cisco consistently leading the way ? buys vCider to boost its distributed cloud vision #CiscoONE
- @mckeay Looks odd... not much to go on (prob some slideshow/vid app under Linux)
- [SuggestedReading] Using the HTML5 Fullscreen API for Phishing Attacks
- RT @BrianHonan: Our problems are not technical but cultural. OWASP top 10 has not changed over the years @joshcorman #RSAC
- RT @mikko: Wow. Apple kernels actually have a function called PE_i_can_has_debugger:
- [Blog Spam] Metasploit and PowerShell payloads
- PinkiePie Strikes Again, Compromises Google Chrome in Pwnium Contest at Hack in the Box: For the second time thi...
- @mikko @fslabs y'all wldn't happen to have lat/long data sets for other botnets, wld you? Doing some research (free/open info rls when done)
- RT @nickhacks: Want to crash a remote host running Snow Leopard? Just use: nmap -P0 -6 --script=targets-ipv6-multicast-mld #wishiwaskidding
- An inexpensive proxy service called is actually a front for #malware distribution -

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Top bi-hebdo des articles de SecuObs
- [Ettercap – Partie 2] Ettercap par l'exemple - Man In the Middle et SSL sniffing
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- USBDumper 2 nouvelle version nouvelles fonctions !
- EFIPW récupère automatiquement le mot de passe BIOS EFI des Macbook Pro avec processeurs Intel
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- Une faille critique de Firefox expose les utilisateurs de Tor Browser Bundle
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Top bi-hebdo de la revue de presse
- StackScrambler and the Tale of a Packet Parsing Bug

Top bi-hebdo de l'annuaire des videos
- DC++ Botnet. How To DDos A Hub With Fake IPs.
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Top bi-hebdo de la revue Twitter
- RT @secureideas: I believe that all the XSS flaws announced are fixed in CVS. Will test again tomorrow if so, release 1.4.3. #BASESnort
- Currently, we do not support 100% of the advanced PDF features found in Adobe Reader... At least that's a good idea.
- VPN (google): German Foreign Office Selects Orange Business for Terrestrial Wide: Full
- @DisK0nn3cT Not really, mostly permission issues/info leak...they've had a couple of XSS vulns but nothing direct.
- Swatting phreaker swatted and heading to jail: A 19-year-old American has been sentenced to eleven years in pris..
- RT @fjserna You are not a true hacker if the calc.exe payload is not the scientific one... infosuck.org/0x0035.png

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- Origami pour forger, analyser et manipuler des fichiers PDF malicieux

Analysis of Security in a P2P storage cloud

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Analysis of Security in a P2P storage cloud

Par SensePost Blog
Le [2013-04-12] à 17:31:05



Présentation : A cloud storage service such as Microsoft SkyDrive requires building data centers as well as operational and maintenance costs. An alternative approach is based on distributed computing model which utilizes portion of the storage and processing resources of consumer level computers and SME NAS devices to form a peer to peer storage system. The members contribute some of their local storage space to the system and in return receive online backup and data sharing service. Providing data confidentiality, integrity and availability in such de-centerlized storage system is a big challenge to be addressed. As the cost of data storage devices declines, there is a debate that whether the P2P storage could really be cost saving or not. I leave this debate to the critics and instead I will look into a peer to peer storage system and study its security measures and possible issues. An overview of this system's architecture is shown in the following picture Each node in the storage cloud receives an amount of free online storage space which can be increased by the control server if the node agrees to contribute some of its local hard drive space to the system. File synchronisation and contribution agents that are running on every node interact with the cloud control server and other nodes as shown in the above picture. Folder File synchronisation is performed in the following steps 1 The node authenticates itself to the control server and sends file upload request with file meta data including SHA1 hash value, size, number of fragments and file name over HTTPS connection. 2 The control server replies with the AES encryption key for the relevant file folder, a IP Address Port number list of contributing nodes called endpoints list and a file ID. 3 The file is split into blocks each of which is encrypted with the above AES encryption key. The blocks are further split into 64 fragments and redundancy information also gets added to them. 4 The node then connects to the contribution agent on each endpoint address that was received in step 2 and uploads one fragment to each of them Since the system nodes are not under full control of the control server, they fall offline any time or the stored file fragments may become damaged modified intentionally. As such, the control server needs to monitor node and fragment health regularly so that it may move lost damaged fragments to alternate nodes if need be. For this purpose, the contribution agent on each node maintains an HTTPS connection to the control server on which it receives the following tasks a Adjust settings instructs the node to modify its upload download limits , contribution size and etc b Block check asks the node to connect to another contribution node and verify a fragment existence and hash value c Block Recovery Assist the control server to recover a number of fragments By delegating the above task, the control system has placed some degree of trust or at least assumptions about the availability and integrity of the agent software running on the storage cloud nodes. However, those agents can be manipulated by malicious nodes in order to disrupt cloud operations, attack other nodes or even gain unauthorised access to the distributed data. I limited the scope of my research to the synchronisation and contribution agent software of two storage nodes under my control - one of which was acting as a contribution node. I didn't include the analysis of the encryption or redundancy of the system in my preliminary research because it could affect the live system and should only be performed on a test environment which was not possible to set up, as the target system's control server was not publicly available. Within the contribution agent alone, I identified that not only did I have unauthorised access file storage and download on the cloud's nodes, but I had unauthorised access to the folder encryption keys as well. a Unauthorised file storage and download The contribution agent created a TCP network listener that processed commands from the control server as well as requests from other nodes. The agent communicated over HTTP s with the control server and other nodes in the cloud. An example file fragment upload request from a remote node is shown below Uploading fragments with similar format to the above path name resulted in the bad request error from the agent. This indicated that the fragment name should be related to its content and this condition is checked by the contribution agent before accepting the PUT request. By decompiling the agent software code, it was found that the fragment name must have the following format to pass this validation .. I used the above file fragment format to upload notepad.exe to the remote node successfully as you can see in the following figure The download request GET request was also successful regardless of the validity of Global Folder Id and Fragment Number . The uploaded file was accessible for about 24 hours, until it was purged automatically by the contribution agent, probably because it won't receive any Block Check requests for the control server for this fragment. Twenty four hours still is enough time for malicious users to abuse storage cloud nodes bandwidth and storage to serve their contents over the internet without victim's knowledge. b Unauthorised access to folder encryption keys The network listener responded to GET requests from any remote node as mentioned above. This was intended to serve Block Check commands from the control server which instructs a node to fetch a number of fragments from other nodes referred to as endpoints and verify their integrity but re-calculating the SHA1 hash and reporting back to the control server. This could be part of the cloud health check process to ensure that the distributed file fragments are accessible and not tampered with. The agent could also process File Recovery tasks from the control server but I didn't observe any such command from the control server during the dynamic analysis of the contribution agent, so I searched the decompiled code for clues on the file recovery process and found the following code snippet which could suggest that the agent is cable of retrieving encryption keys from the control server. This was something odd, considering that each node should only have access to its own folders encryption keys and it stores encrypted file fragments of other nodes. One possible explanation for the above file recovery code, could be that the node first downloads its own file fragments from remote endpoints using an endpoint list received from the control server and then retrieves the required folder encryption key from the control server in order to decrypt and re-assemble its own files. In order to test if it's possible to abuse the file recovery operation to gain access to encryption key of the folders belonging to other nodes. I extracted the folderInfo request format from the agent code and set up another storage node as a target to test this idea. The result of the test was successful as shown in the following figure and it was possible to retrieve the AES-256 encryption key for the Folder Id 1099869693336 . This could enable an attacker who has set up an contributing storage node to decrypt the fragments that belong to other cloud users. Conclusion While peer to peer storage systems have lower setup maintenance costs, they face security threats from the storage nodes that are not under direct physical remote control of the cloud controller system. Examples of such threats relate to the cloud's client agent software and the cloud server's authorisation control, as demonstrated in this post. While analysis of the data encryption and redundancy in the peer to peer storage system would be an interesting future research topic, we hope that the findings from this research can be used to improve the security of various distributed storage systems.

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